In the new article, “Building an ICCN Multimodal Classifier of Aggressive Political Debate Style: Towards a Computational Understanding of Candidate Performance Over Time,” in Communication Methods and Measures, the Social Media and Democracy Group address the challenge of micro-coding visual, tonal and verbal features of aggressive political debate styles by developing a multimodal classifier that incorporates video and audio features with speech coding of candidate debate performance.
Abstract: Understanding the implications of aggressive political debate style amid corrosive modes of campaign politics requires fine-grained analyses of political performance, attending to multiple communication modalities. Politicians’ facial expressions, emotional tone, and speech content can all independently convey aggression and dominance, and often work in combination for purposes of emphasis. Yet micro-coding individual visual, tonal, and verbal features across more than a handful of debate segments becomes extremely labor intensive, hampering research, especially historical, longitudinal, and cross-cultural work. To address this limitation, we develop a novel multimodal classifier using an Interaction Canonical Correlation Network (ICCN) that incorporates video and audio features with speech coding of candidate debate performance, trained on a 20% sample of 10- second segments from each of the first televised U.S presidential debates between 1980 and 2020. In the analysis, we demonstrate this classifier can accurately detect aggression by political candidates in U.S. debates. We sharpen its performance by distinguishing between debate eras characterized by lower and higher levels of aggression and validate the approach by comparing the performance of unimodal with multimodal classification. This classifier opens new avenues for computational social science research, including explaining candidate behavior within debates at a larger scale and across different eras.
Full citation: Dhavan V. Shah, Zhongkai Sun, Erik P. Bucy, Sang Jung Kim, Yibing Sun, Mengyu Li & William Sethares (2023): Building an ICCN Multimodal Classifier of Aggressive Political Debate Style: Towards a Computational Understanding of Candidate Performance Over Time, Communication Methods and Measures, https://doi.org/10.1080/19312458.2023.2227093
Access to the full article is available through Routledge.